Brief History of Airplanes

Aviation has been the most important means of transportation
in modern times. It plays an important role in the economy: it creates jobs, it
allows companies to expand to other countries, and it helps other industries,
such as the tourism industry, to grow. Also, aviation brings together people
from all over the world and creates stronger links between cultures and
countries.

It is an invention so beneficial for everyone. But unlikely
as it seems, just two centuries ago, people thought that aviation planes were
impossible to reach for humanity. The Wright brothers proved they were wrong.

On December 17, 1903, Wilbur and Orville Wright did the
impossible. Covering 852 feet for 59 seconds, the Wright brothers made the
first successful flight in the history of mankind. This advance won the
attention of governments and automotive enthusiasts around the world.

Over the next decade, the technology of aviation aircraft
continued to grow at an accelerated pace. During this time, the engineers
replaced the old engines with better ones. The pilots struggled to reach
greater heights, breaking the best aviation records as they reached faster
speeds, higher altitudes, and longer flights. For them, the sky is the limit.

Aircraft in the First World War

When the First World War began, aircraft were strongly
recognized as military equipment. This caused the increase in demand for
aircraft. However, the most significant development of the aircraft was during
this period when the engines were updated. The plane can fly at a speed of 130 mph,
doubling the speed of prewar aircraft.

In 1914, the plane was tested in battle for the first time.
In the minds of many, airplanes mean bombs, air combat, and surveillance. Also,
when the war ended, the excess of airplanes was so great that the construction
companies were closed and the demand for these airplanes was reduced to zero.

The planes were used more in military operations. In fact,
these have become the main tools in World War II, which gave rise to the term
“fighter jets.” In 1937, the Germans were able to produce and test
the first jet aircraft in history. Because it did not work as initially, the
Germans thought it would be; it took them five more years to produce a decent
performance jet, which was too late to change the outcome of World War II.

The birth of commercial airlines

It was in 1976 when the commercial airline was introduced by
France and Great Britain. The first commercial aircraft carried more than a
hundred passengers with almost twice the speed of sound. This made 3.5 hours
from the flight from London to New York, which is considerably short. However,
the cost was too expensive and flights at that time were only for the rich and
the privileged.

Between 1996 and 1998, the Russian and American aerospace
companies collaborated with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
(NASA) in a research program whose objective was to develop a second-generation
supersonic aircraft.

Currently, aviation aircraft flights are already affordable
and can be used for pleasure or corporate travel. Planes are everywhere, and
people take them for granted now. However, it is important to remember that
this great invention arose from the courage of the not-so-distant antecedents
to challenge the traditional beliefs of the people at that time.

 

 

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